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The Biography Of Rosa Parks

The Biography Of Rosa Parks Born Name                : Rosa Parks Born On                     : 4 February 1913 Died                        ...

The Biography Of Rosa Parks

Born Name                : Rosa Parks
Born On                     : 4 February 1913
Died                           : 24 October 2005
Birthplace                   : Tuskegee, Alabama
Best known as            : The civil rights icon who wouldn't give up her bus seat
Name at birth              : Rosa Louise McCauley

Gambar rosa Parks

Rosa Louise McCauley ( Rosa Parks ) was born on February 4, 1913, to James McCauley, a carpenter, and Leona Edwards, a teacher. Parks was of mixed ancestry: she was part African, Cherokee-Muscogee, and Scots-Irish. When her parents separated, she and her younger brother Sylvester stayed with their mother, and relocated to their grandmother's farm in Pine Level, Alabama. Home-schooled till she was eleven, Rosa moved on to the Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes for her secondary education. However, she had to drop out, as she had to care for her sick grandmother and later on, her mother. Her family were members of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, an institution founded by free Blacks in the early 1800s.

Recalling her childhood experiences in later interviews, she narrated how she remembered hiding from the Ku Klux Klan. These experiences ingrained in her the unjust treatment meted out to blacks. In contrast to these harrowing experiences, Parks also remarked that some of her white neighbors were very nice to their family, which helped her remain balanced in her struggle against white people.

☞ In 1932, Rosa married Raymond Parks, who was a barber in Montgomery. He was a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). She took on various jobs from being a domestic worker to a housekeeper to a hospital aide. She even finished her high school education in 1933. At the time of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, she was working as a seamstress.

☞ In 1943, Rosa Parks joined the NAACP and was elected to be the volunteer secretary to the president of the association, Edgar Nixon. Throughout her life, Rosa had seen the segregation between the white and the black people - the life of those times was marked by such color oriented discrimination on a daily basis on every level of existence. She had seen and experienced it in schools and colleges, in the workplace and even in the public transport.

☞ In 1944, Parks worked on the Maxwell Air Force Base, which, being federal territory, didn't enforce segregation. This experience, in her own words, "opened her eyes up".
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☞ In 1955, Rosa Parks was an African American living in Montgomery, Alabama -- a city with laws that strictly segregated blacks and whites. On 1 December 1955, after her day of work as a seamstress at a local department store, Rosa Parks boarded a city bus. When she refused to give up her seat to a white man, the bus driver called police, and Rosa Parks was arrested and fined. The resulting bus boycott by African-Americans, led by Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., caused a national sensation. The boycott was a success and led to desegregation in Montgomery and elsewhere in the United States. Over time, Rosa Parks became a national icon of civil rights and African-American pride. Parks worked as an aide to Michigan Congressman John Conyers, Jr. from 1966 until her retirement in 1988, and she founded the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development in 1987. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Bill Clinton in 1996.

Extra credit: Rosa Parks married Raymond Parks, a barber, in 1932, and they remained married until his death in 1977. They had no children. Raymond Parks was born in 1903... Her hometown of Tuskegee, Alabama was home to the Tuskegee Institute, which was led for many years by Booker T. Washington. He died in 1915, two years after Rosa Parks was born... Parks's bus ride was reminiscent of Homer Plessy's refusal to leave an all-white rail car in Louisiana in 1892... Her refusal to relinquish her seat came nine months after teenager Claudette Colvin was arrested for the very same thing... Rosa Parks was played by Angela Bassett in the 2002 TV movie The Rosa Parks Story.


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BIOGRAPHY CHANNEL: The Biography Of Rosa Parks
The Biography Of Rosa Parks
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