James Dewey Watson Born : 1928 Watson made his reputation in the field of genetics. Born in Chicago, and, at the age of 15 years, was a...
Born : 1928
Watson made his reputation in the field of genetics. Born in Chicago, and, at the age of 15 years, was admitted to the University of Chicago, graduating in 1947. In Indiana, completed his Ph.D. in Genetics (it is interesting to note that both Cal Tech and Harvard University rejected it for its graduate programs). In 1950, Watson joined the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge, England, one must know and work with people like Francis Crick, and others who were trying to determine the composition of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid ). So was that Crick and Watson made his great discovery, viz. that DNA was a winding helix in which the base pairs on threads. This model of the double helix of DNA was the basis for important research in the areas of Biochemical Genetics and Molecular Biology. In 1962, Watson and Crick, along with Maurice Wilkins, were awarded the Nobel Prize. In 1976, Watson became the full-time director of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (Long Island, New York), for some, was a surprise, as he had done, then set the image of the teacher "nuts." In the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Watson made important contributions to the understanding of the genetic code. In 1988, Watson achievement and success led to his appointment as Chief of the Human Genome Project at the National Institute of Health, a project that proved to be the most determined effort and funded generously in biology.
Source : Biographies