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Marthin Luther King, Jr.

Marthin Luther King , Jr (Michael King, Jr.) Born : January 15, 1929, Atlanta,Georgia,USA Died : April 4, 1968 aged 39,Memphis, Tennessee...

Marthin Luther King, Jr (Michael King, Jr.)


Born: January 15, 1929, Atlanta,Georgia,USA
Died: April 4, 1968 aged 39,Memphis, Tennessee, United States
Monuments : Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial
Alma-mater : Morehouse College,Crozer Theological Seminary, Boston University
Organization:  Southern Christian Leadership Conference ( SCLC )
Influenced by : Jesus, Abraham Lincoln, Mahatma Gandhi, Benjamin Mays, Hosea Williams, Bayard Rustin,   Henry David Thoreau, Howard Thurman, Leo Tolstoy
Political movement:  African-American Civil Rights Movement, Peace movement
Religion:  Progressive National Baptist Convention
Spouse:  Coretta Scott King (m. 1953–68)
Children: Yolanda Denise-King (deceased)
                 Martin Luther King III
                 Dexter Scott King
                 Bernice Albertine King
Parents:    Martin Luther King, Sr.
                 Alberta Williams King
Awards :   Nobel Peace Prize (1964), Presidential Medal of Freedom (1977, posthumous), Congressional     Gold Medal (2004, posthumous)

Martin Luther King, Jr., was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later changed his name to Martin. His grandfather began the family long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931, his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, where he graduated from high school at age fifteen, he received a BA degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, an institution distinguished Black Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological studies at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania, where he was elected president of an upper class, predominantly white, was awarded the BD in 1951. With a fellowship won at Crozer of, he enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University, completing his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and received the title in 1955. In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott, a young woman of uncommon intellectual and artistic achievements. Two sons and two daughters were born in the family.


In 1957 he was elected president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization created to provide new leadership for the movement now growing civil rights. The ideals of this organization he took from Christianity, its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven years between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke more than 20 to 500 times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest and action, and meanwhile he wrote five books and numerous articles. In recent years, led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the world, offering what he called a coalition of conscience. and inspiring his "Letter from a Birmingham Jail," a manifesto of the Negro revolution, he planned the drives in Alabama for the registration of Negroes as voters, he directed the peaceful march in Washington, D C, 250.000 people he delivered his "I have a dream", which met with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson, who was arrested over twenty times and assaulted at least four times, but was awarded five honorary degrees, was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963, and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks, but also a world figure.




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